Egypt’s top judges have accused President Mohammed Mursi of staging an “unprecedented attack” on the judiciary. The president passed a decree earlier this week granting himself extensive new powers. It includes a bar on any court dissolving the constituent assembly, which is drawing up a new constitution.
Outside a Cairo court where judges were meeting, police fired tear gas to disperse crowds. They have been charging with batons at protesters against the decree, reports the BBC’s Jon Leyne from the scene, while pro-Mursi demonstrators tried to disrupt the judges’ meeting. Thursday’s decree sparked angry demonstrations, and attacks on offices of Mr Mursi’s Islamist FJP party. The president has said he is acting to protect the revolution.
In a statement, the Supreme Judicial Council called his move “an unprecedented attack on the independence of the judiciary and its rulings”, and called on him to reverse it. Judges and prosecutors in Egypt’s second city Alexandria have gone on strike in protest, saying they will not return to work until the decree is reversed. The response of the judges has been tough, if fairly predictable, says our Cairo correspondent. One judge told the BBC their concerns were for Egypt, not their jobs. “We can’t work like this, we have to change it and we will change it,” Ahmed Shannan said. There had been reports that the council was about to disband the constituent assembly for a second time, he added, a move that could seriously derail the transition to democracy and further delay new parliamentary elections. This, in turn, could deter Egypt’s political leaders from taking tough decisions while they wait for the vote. Meanwhile, Egyptian human rights agencies filed a lawsuit at the Court of Administrative Justice calling for the decree to be annulled, Mena news agency reported.
Protesters in Egypt have set fire to Muslim Brotherhood offices in several cities, according to state TV. They were demonstrating against President Mohammed Mursi’s decision to grant himself sweeping new powers. His decree states, among other things, that the president’s decisions cannot be revoked by any authority – including the judiciary.
Rival rallies have been held across the country today by supporters and opponents of Mr Mursi. In the Suez Canal cities of Suez, Port Said and Ismailia opponents of the Islamist president reportedly set fire to the offices of the Muslim Brotherhood. Clashes have also been reported between opposing demonstrations in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria.
Coptic Pope Shenouda III, the spiritual leader of Egypt’s Coptic Christian community for nearly four decades, died Saturday, according to the head of the Egyptian General Coptic Association. He was 88.
“Shenouda III suffered renal failure … due to the diabetes he endured for years,” Sheif Doss.
The leader of the Coptic Christian community for 38 years, Shenouda was in poor health off and on for many years. He traveled to the United States to undergo medical tests last year.
Egypt’s population is roughly 9% Coptic Christian, according to the U.S. State Department.
The Christian minority has been the target of a number of high-profile attacks in the past several years, including the bombing of a major church in Alexandria last January that left at least 21 people dead.
“The funeral is expected to take place in two days, as massive preparations must take place first. It is a historical event and 2 million people are expected to attend the prayers. I don’t expect violence though,” Doss said.
Markus Askuf, spokesman for the Coptic Church, said Shenouda’s body is expected to arrive at the Coptic cathedral in Cairo at noon Sunday. Visitors will be permitted to come and pray there.
Shenouda will be buried Tuesday at Emba Bishoy monastery in Wadi Natroun, northwest of Egypt’s capital, Askuf said. The area is home to some of the world’s earliest Christian monasteries.
In addition to millions of followers in Egypt, the church has adherents in Europe, Canada, the United States, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa, the center says.
U.S. President Barack Obama and his wife offered their condolences Saturday after news of Shenouda’s death spread, saying he will be remembered as “a man of deep faith, a leader of a great faith, and an advocate for unity and reconciliation.”
“His commitment to Egypt’s national unity is also a testament to what can be accomplished when people of all religions and creeds work together,” the Obamas said.
When a Coptic pope dies, all 150 bishops of the church’s Holy Council appoint an acting patriarch until a vote is conducted for a successor, Doss said. Thousands of bishops, priests and monks are eligible to vote.
The most senior bishop usually takes the role of acting patriarch. In this case, that would be Bishop Michael of Asiut. If he declines, Bishop Bakhamious of Behira is next in line, Doss said.
“I am very shocked and saddened to learn this evening that a large number of football supporters have died or been injured following a match in Port Said, Egypt.
My thoughts are with the families of those who have lost their lives this evening.
This is a black day for football. Such a catastrophic situation is unimaginable and should not happen.”
At least 74 people have been killed in clashes between rival fans following a football match in the Egyptian city of Port Said.
Officials fear the death toll could rise further.
It is the biggest disaster in the country’s football history, said the Egyptian deputy health minister.
“This is unfortunate and deeply saddening,” Hesham Sheiha told state television.
Some of the dead were security officers, the Associated Press news agency quoted a morgue official as saying.
Our correspondent says the lack of the usual level of security in the stadium might have contributed to the clashes.
Police in Egypt have been keeping a much lower profile since last year’s popular protests that ousted President Hosni Mubarak from power.
Egyptian fans are notoriously violent, says our correspondent, particularly supporters of al-Ahly known as the Ultras.
They have been heavily implicated in confronting the police during recent political protests, our correspondent adds. There is speculation that the security forces may have had an interest in taking on al-Ahly supporters.
Wednesday’s violence broke out at the end of the match, which, unusually, Port Said side al-Masry won 3-1.
Witnesses said the atmosphere had been tense throughout the match – since an al-Ahly fan raised a banner insulting supporters of the home team.
As the match ended, their fans flooded onto the pitch attacking Ahly players and fans.
A small group of riot police tried to protect the players, but were overwhelmed.
Part of the stadium was set on fire.
Officials say most of the deaths were caused by concussions, deep cuts to the heads and suffocation from the stampede.
“This is not football. This is a war and people are dying in front of us,” al-Ahly player Mohamed Abo Treika said.
Hani Seddik, who played for al-Ahly as a teenager, told the BBC: “I don’t think this is about football. These trouble-makers were not football fans.”
“How were they allowed to carry knives into the ground? To me, this is the actions of people who do not want the country to be stable and want to put off tourists from coming here,” said Mr Seddik, who was watching the match on TV in Cairo.
Meanwhile, the Muslim Brotherhood – which has emerged as Egypt’s biggest party in recent elections – blamed supporters of ousted President Hosni Mubarak for the violence.
“The events in Port Said are planned and are a message from the remnants of the former regime,” Muslim Brotherhood lawmaker Essam al-Erian said.
He went on by saying that the army and police wanted to silence critics demanding an end to state of emergency in the country.
In Cairo, another match was halted by the referee after news of the Port Said violence. It prompted fans to set parts of the stadium on fire.
Egyptian journalist Ashraf Khalil: “Where was the security”
All premier-league matches have been cancelled and the newly-elected Egyptian parliament is to hold an emergency session on Thursday.
Fifa President Sepp Blatter later issued a statement, expressing his shock over the incident.
“This is a black day for football. Such a catastrophic situation is unimaginable and should not happen,” he said.
- Egypt Soccer Riot: 73 killed, Hundreds Injured in Stampede Following Al-Ahly vs Al-Masry Match [Video] (inquisitr.com)
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The global research department of HSBC has released a report predicting the rise and fall of the world’s economies in the next 40 years.
The world’s top economy in 2050 will be China, followed by the United States. No surprises there – since China’s reforms in the 1980s, economists have said it’s not a question of if, but when, China’s collective economic might will top the U.S.
But among the smaller, developing nations, there are several surprises by HSBC prognosticators:
* By 2050, the Philippines will leapfrog 27 places to become the world’s 16th largest economy.
* Peru’s economy, growing by 5.5% each year, jumping 20 places to 26th place – ahead of Iran, Columbia and Switzerland. Other strong performers will be Egypt (up 15 places to 20th), Nigeria (up nine places to 37th), Turkey (up six spots to 12th), Malaysia (up 17 to 21st) and the Ukraine (up 19 to 45th).
* Japan’s working population will contract by a world-top 37% in 2050 – yet HSBC economists predict it will still be toward the top performing economies, dropping only one spot to the 4th largest economy. India will jump ahead of Japan to 3rd on the list.
* The big loser in the next 40 years will be advanced economies in Europe, HSBC predicts, who will see their place in the economic pecking order erode as working population dwindles and developing economies climb. Only five European nations will be in the top 20, compared to eight today. Biggest drop will be felt northern Europe: Denmark to 56th ( -29), Norway to 48th ( -22), Sweden to 38th (-20) and Finland to 57th (-19).
HSBC 2050 list of top economies (change in rank from 2010)
1) China (+2)
2) U.S. (-1)
3) India (+5)
4) Japan (-2)
5) Germany (-1)
6) UK (-1)
7) Brazil (+2)
8) Mexico (+5)
9) France (-3)
10) Canada (same)
11) Italy (-4)
12) Turkey (+6)
13) S. Korea (-2)
14) Spain (-2)
15) Russia (+2)
16) Philippines (+27)
17) Indonesia (+4)
18) Australia (-2)
19) Argentina (2)
20) Egypt (+15)
21) Malaysia (+17)
22) Saudi Arabia (+1)
23) Thailand (+6)
24) Netherlands (-9)
25) Poland (-1)
26) Peru (+20)
27) Iran (+7)
28) Colombia (+12
29) Switzerland (-9)
30) Pakistan (+14)
“If we step away from the cyclicality, there are two ways economies can grow; either add more people to the production line via growth in the working population, or make each individual more productive,” the report says.
In other words, demographics – the size of your working population – along with the opportunities to flex that muscle help determine long-term economic trends. Big factors on the back half of that equation: Education opportunities, democratic governments or strong rule of law (a caveat that explains China and Saudi Arabia’s high placement).
“We openly admit that behind these projections we assume governments build on their recent progress and remain solely focused on increasing the living standards for their populations,” the report says. “Of course, this maybe an overly glossy way of viewing the world.”
Chief factors that may derail economies moving forward, the report says: War, energy consumption constraints, climate change, and growing barriers to population movement across borders.
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ظهرت على الفيسبوك، فكرة الأفضل، فاختار النشطاء مواقف وشخصيات وتعليقات شهيرة، علقت في أذهان المصريين على مدى العام الذي أوشك على الانتهاء، ومنحوهم لقب الأفضل..
– ”أفضل رجل لـ عام 2011 .. الراجل اللي ورا عمر سليمان”
– ”أفضل حركة سياسية ظهرت في عام 2011 .. حركة ”كفاية” بقى خربتوا البلد ”
– ” أفضل مؤثرات صوتية .. تامر بتاع غمرة “
– ” أفضل سيناريو .. سيناريو الانفلات الأمني “
– ” افضل محلل استراتيجي .. عمرو مصطفى “
– ” أعلى مرتبة شهيد .. الشهيد الحي، شهيد السويس مرشح مجلس الشعب “
– ” أفضل معلومة .. شهداء 25 يناير ماتوا في أحداث يناير “
– ” سؤال عام 2011 .. من أنتم؟؟ .. وتوفى القذافى بدون الحصول على الإجابة للأسف “
– ” الفيلم الذي أثبت أن اقتصاد بلدنا لسه بخير .. فيلم “شارع الهرم” “
– ” المرأة التي هزت عرض مصر .. علياء المهدي “
– ” أفضل شيئ الذي يركبه الجميع للقضاء على الثورة .. عجلة الانتاج “
– ” أكبر تغيير حدث في مصر .. تغيير أرقام الموبايل “
– ” أفضل أغنية اتغنت لشباب الثورة .. ياريت سنك يزيد سنتين عشان سنك كده صغير “
– ” أفضل تعليق .. جدع يا باشا “
– ” الكتاب الذي مات بعدد فصوله بني آدمين .. كتاب “وصف مصر”
– وأخيرًا منح أهل الفيس بوك لقب “أفضل عيون” لعيون الشاب الدكتور “أحمد حرارة “
- ما هو سكاف؟! (zokimag.wordpress.com)
- Egypt and Palestine; one people, one revolution مصر وفلسطين شعب واحد وثورة واحدة (palestiniandreamer.wordpress.com)
- الانتخابات المصرية : مفتاح الإجابة على الأسئلة. (guardian.co.uk)
- Egypt and Palestine…one people and one revolution (altahrir.wordpress.com)