Category Archives: Egyptian Revolution

An Ode to a Revolutionary

One eye shows the soul breaking free,

one eye shows nothing at all.

One eye has a lot more to see,

the other… has seen it all.

One eye has infinite clarity,

rinsed by the clear light of hope,

while the other eye, stung by reality,

has nothing but shadows to grope.

Side by side they both lay,

partners in every decision,

till one dark January day,

one eye was robbed of its vision.

But the eyes of the world would agree,

’twas taken only in name;

With only one eye left to see,

the vision stronger became.

If I should be robbed of my right hand,

would I still have the will, the desire to pick up a pen with my left hand and somehow attempt to inspire?

Would that the heart–cold and cruel–had instructed the hand that betrayed to look reverently on so precious a jewel;

For freedom–a small price, indeed, to be paid!

Dedicated to Jawad El Nabulsi, who lost his eye during the protests and never ceases to inspire me with his cheerfulness, calm resolve and his vision of rebuilding the future.

By: Salma Beshr

Source: Alhurr.


FIFA President’s statement on Egypt disaster

Source Getty Images

“I am very shocked and saddened to learn this evening that a large number of football supporters have died or been injured following a match in Port Said, Egypt.

My thoughts are with the families of those who have lost their lives this evening.

This is a black day for football. Such a catastrophic situation is unimaginable and should not happen.”


Egypt football violence leaves many dead in Port Said

At least 74 people have been killed in clashes between rival fans following a football match in the Egyptian city of Port Said.

Scores were injured as fans – reportedly armed with knives – invaded the pitch after a match between top-tier clubs al-Masry and al-Ahly.

Officials fear the death toll could rise further.

It is the biggest disaster in the country’s football history, said the Egyptian deputy health minister.

“This is unfortunate and deeply saddening,” Hesham Sheiha told state television.

Some of the dead were security officers, the Associated Press news agency quoted a morgue official as saying.

The BBC’s Jon Leyne in Cairo says it appears some fans had taken knives into the stadium.

Our correspondent says the lack of the usual level of security in the stadium might have contributed to the clashes.

Police in Egypt have been keeping a much lower profile since last year’s popular protests that ousted President Hosni Mubarak from power.

Egyptian fans are notoriously violent, says our correspondent, particularly supporters of al-Ahly known as the Ultras.

They have been heavily implicated in confronting the police during recent political protests, our correspondent adds. There is speculation that the security forces may have had an interest in taking on al-Ahly supporters.

‘Black day’

Wednesday’s violence broke out at the end of the match, which, unusually, Port Said side al-Masry won 3-1.

Witnesses said the atmosphere had been tense throughout the match – since an al-Ahly fan raised a banner insulting supporters of the home team.

As the match ended, their fans flooded onto the pitch attacking Ahly players and fans.

A small group of riot police tried to protect the players, but were overwhelmed.

Part of the stadium was set on fire.

Officials say most of the deaths were caused by concussions, deep cuts to the heads and suffocation from the stampede.

“This is not football. This is a war and people are dying in front of us,” al-Ahly player Mohamed Abo Treika said.

Hani Seddik, who played for al-Ahly as a teenager, told the BBC: “I don’t think this is about football. These trouble-makers were not football fans.”

“How were they allowed to carry knives into the ground? To me, this is the actions of people who do not want the country to be stable and want to put off tourists from coming here,” said Mr Seddik, who was watching the match on TV in Cairo.

Meanwhile, the Muslim Brotherhood – which has emerged as Egypt’s biggest party in recent elections – blamed supporters of ousted President Hosni Mubarak for the violence.

“The events in Port Said are planned and are a message from the remnants of the former regime,” Muslim Brotherhood lawmaker Essam al-Erian said.

He went on by saying that the army and police wanted to silence critics demanding an end to state of emergency in the country.

In Cairo, another match was halted by the referee after news of the Port Said violence. It prompted fans to set parts of the stadium on fire.

Egyptian journalist Ashraf Khalil: “Where was the security”

All premier-league matches have been cancelled and the newly-elected Egyptian parliament is to hold an emergency session on Thursday.

Fifa President Sepp Blatter later issued a statement, expressing his shock over the incident.

“This is a black day for football. Such a catastrophic situation is unimaginable and should not happen,” he said.


أطرف تعليقات للشعب المصري لسنة 2011

ظهرت على الفيسبوك، فكرة الأفضل، فاختار النشطاء مواقف وشخصيات وتعليقات شهيرة، علقت في أذهان المصريين على مدى العام الذي أوشك على الانتهاء، ومنحوهم لقب الأفضل..

– ”أفضل رجل لـ عام 2011 .. الراجل اللي ورا عمر سليمان”

– ”أفضل حركة سياسية ظهرت في عام 2011 .. حركة ”كفاية” بقى خربتوا البلد ”

– ” أفضل مؤثرات صوتية .. تامر بتاع غمرة “

– ” أفضل سيناريو .. سيناريو الانفلات الأمني “

– ” افضل محلل استراتيجي .. عمرو مصطفى “

– ” أعلى مرتبة شهيد .. الشهيد الحي، شهيد السويس مرشح مجلس الشعب “

– ” أفضل معلومة .. شهداء 25 يناير ماتوا في أحداث يناير “

– ” سؤال عام 2011 .. من أنتم؟؟ .. وتوفى القذافى بدون الحصول على الإجابة للأسف “

– ” الفيلم الذي أثبت أن اقتصاد بلدنا لسه بخير .. فيلم “شارع الهرم” “

– ” المرأة التي هزت عرض مصر .. علياء المهدي “

– ” أفضل شيئ الذي يركبه الجميع للقضاء على الثورة .. عجلة الانتاج “

– ” أكبر تغيير حدث في مصر .. تغيير أرقام الموبايل “

– ” أفضل أغنية اتغنت لشباب الثورة .. ياريت سنك يزيد سنتين عشان سنك كده صغير “

– ” أفضل تعليق .. جدع يا باشا “

– ” الكتاب الذي مات بعدد فصوله بني آدمين .. كتاب “وصف مصر”

– وأخيرًا منح أهل الفيس بوك لقب “أفضل عيون” لعيون الشاب الدكتور “أحمد حرارة “


ما هو سكاف؟!

SCAF means: The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces

سكاف تعني : 

المجلس الأعلى للقوات المسلحة – وهو المجلس الأعلى المكلف بقيادة غرفة العمليات الرئيسية للقوات المسلحة في حالة الحرب وفي الظروف الطبيعية فإن رئيس الدولة هو الذي يرأس هذا المجلس بوصفه القائد الأعلى لقوات المسلحة. أما في الوقت الراهن وتحديدا منذ مساء الجمعة 11فبراير 2011 فهذا المجلس هو الذي يتولى إدارة شؤون جمهورية مصر العربية عقب تخلي محمد حسني مبارك عن الحكم إثر اندلاع ثورة 25 يناير. يتكون المجلس من ثمانية عشر من قادة القوات المسلحة المصرية يترأسهم القائد العام للقوات المسلحة ووزير الدفاع المشير محمد حسين طنطاوي. أعلن المجلس في 13 فبراير 2011 عن توليه حكم البلاد لمدة ستة أشهر ( طبعا مر أكثر من 9 شهور ومازال المجلس يحكم البلاد ) أو لحين إجراء انتخابات مجلسي الشعب والشورى ورئيس الجمهورية، كما أعلن حلّ مجلسي الشعب والشورى وتعطيل العمل بأحكام الدستور في حين شكل لجنة تعمل على تعديل بعض مواد الدستور.

يتكون المجلس من ثمانية عشر فردًا من قادة القوات المسلحة المصرية، وهم:

  • القائد العام للقوات المسلحة وزير الدفاع ورئيس المجلس الأعلى للقوات المسلحة المشير محمد حسين طنطاوي.

  • رئيس أركان حرب القوات المسلحة الفريق سامي حافظ عنان.

  • قائد القوات البحرية الفريق مهاب محمد حسين مميش.

  • قائد القوات الجوية الفريق رضا محمود حافظ.

  • قائد قوات الدفاع الجوي الفريق عبد العزيز سيف الدين.

  • قائد المنطقة المركزية العسكرية اللواء حسن الرويني.

  • قائد الجيش الثاني الميداني اللواء أركان حرب محمد حجازي.

  • قائد الجيش الثالث الميداني اللواء أركان حرب صدقي صبحي.

  • قائد المنطقة الشمالية اللواء أركان حرب حسن محمد أحمد.

  • قائد المنطقة الجنوبية اللواء أركان حرب محسن الشاذلي.

  • قائد المنطقة الغربية اللواء أركان حرب محمود إبراهيم حجازي.

  • قائد قوات حرس الحدود اللواء أركان حرب محمد عبد النبي.

  • مساعد وزير الدفاع للشئون الدستورية والقانونية اللواء ممدوح شاهين.

  • مساعد وزير الدفاع رئيس هيئة التنظيم والإدارة اللواء محسن الفنجري.

  • مدير إدارة الشئون المعنوية اللواء أركان حرب إسماعيل عتمان.

  • مساعد وزير الدفاع لشؤون التسليح اللواء محمد العصار.

  • مساعد وزير الدفاع اللواء مختار الملا.

ويواجهة المجلس معارضة شديد داخل مصر نتيجة لإنعدام الشفافية وإتخاذه قرارات فردية لقيامه بدور رئيس الجمهورية ودور مجلسي الشعب والشورى معاً وهي صلاحيات لم يحصل عليها الرئيس المخلوع مبارك في أفضل حالاته

نعى شيخ الثورة عماد عفت

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم وَكَأَيِّنْ مِنْ نَبِيٍّ قَاتَلَ مَعَهُ رِبِّيُّونَ كَثِيرٌ فَمَا وَهَنُوا لِمَا أَصَابَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَمَا ضَعُفُوا وَمَا اسْتَكَانُوا وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الصَّابِرِينَ.

ينعي المرصد الإسلامي للشعب المصري جميعا الشيخ الشهيد عماد عفت أمين الفتوى بدار الإفتاء والذي استشهد أمس برصاصة غادرة من الشرطة العسكرية أثناء اعتصامه أمام مجلس الوزراء وكان الشيخ الشهيد من الصادعين بالحق القائمين بأمر الله علماً وعملاً كما نحسبه والله حسيبه وقد عرفنا الشيخ على مر سنوات عديدة كان فيها عوناً وسنداً للمسلمين في كل قضاياهم وله أيادي بيضاء ومواقف نبيلة في دعم المسلمين الجدد لا يعلمها عنه إلا القليل . وكان الشيخ رغم هدوءه ووقاره مقدماً في الحق لا يخشى في الله لومة لائم و كان من أبطال ثورة يناير حيث نزل بنفسه من أول أيام الثورة وأفتى بوجوب النزول إلى الميدان في فتوى شهيرة اهتز لها الأزهر وقتها كما أفتي رحمه الله تعالى بحرمة التصويت للفلول في الانتخابات . ولا يسعنا في هذا المقام إلا أن نؤكد أن اليد التي قتلت الشيخ الشهيد هي نفسها التي اغتالت زهرة شباب مصر في ثورة يناير وقد أثبتت الأيام والأحداث أنه لا فرق بين جميع أركان النظام السابق فجميعهم والغون في دماء الشعب المصري ونحن إذا نودع الشيخ الشهيد اليوم فأننا نعاهد بعد الله تعالى على مواصلة الثورة والنضال ى يتحرر الشعب المصري بأسره من ربقة العبودية للطواغيت . كما نحمل المجلس العسكري ومجلسه الاستشاري – بكل أعضائه- المسؤولية الكاملة عن دماء الشهيد وكل إخوانه الذين قتلوا بدم بارد على يد الأوغاد من فلول مبارك والعادلي .

Robert Fisk: ‘The real fight for democracy in Egypt has yet to begin’

A Cairo newspaper editor on why the elections will not prevent protesters from returning to Tahrir Square

When it comes to economics, you don’t mess with Wael Gamal. Before becoming a managing editor of Shrouq – Sunrise, to you and me – he was economics editor of the Egyptian daily, and he casts a cold eye on soldiers who don’t understand money. “Not a single one of the 20 generals on the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces understands the economy,” he says, with a certain laugh infecting his voice, “and at their press conference the other day, all their numbers and conclusions were wrong. They wanted to scare the people off the streets by saying that Egypt will go bankrupt. The ministers were all trying to correct the statistics afterwards.”

Gamal had just voted for the secular “Revolution” list, and it was the first time he had entered a polling booth in his 40 years. “I never voted in elections before because they were all fraudulent. Before the revolution, our editor-in-chief was about to be jailed because of a report we carried on the rigged 2010 elections. I was chased by the police twice in 2003 because I was involved in the movement against the American war in Iraq.”

These are happier times, then. No police agents hover outside Shrouq’s front door. Not right now, anyway.

“The choice of [the new Prime Minister, Kamal] Ganzouri was very nasty,” Gamal says. “He intends to keep a third of the members of the old government and two of them – Hassan Younis, the Electricity Minister, and Faisal Naga, the Planning Minister – were Mubarak ministers. I think the people will return to Tahrir Square after the first voting results are announced.

“But what has happened is huge progress. Sure, people saw violations at the voting, but compared to what happened before, it was a great improvement. I am optimistic.”

This isn’t a widespread sentiment in Egypt right now. And if the Muslim Brotherhood wins the largest number of seats in the election, which they assuredly will, Gamal believes it will be under enormous pressure: from workers, from trade unions, from the US. Strikes, he says, will start again after the elections. “The Brotherhood [says it] will not change the tax policies, so they are against the poor. This will not balance the budget. I think they will fail. The economy is going to be crucial. Egypt makes lots of money through tourism. Will the Brotherhood support tourism?”

Already, new trade unions have been created, but a new workers’ rights law has been refused by the army leadership. The labour ministry has told new unions they have to merge into the old syndicates. As for Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, Gamal says he is ill, that he has no intention of becoming President although this might not apply to all members of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, the SCAF, which Egyptians call the Maglis el-Askleri (Military Council). The name of General Sami Amman floats around these days, although Gamal says, with a sense of relief, that “if there had been an ambitious, efficient member of the SCAF, we would have been in trouble.”

Gamal sees a divided Muslim Brotherhood, the movement having already spawned two rival parties, its youth cut off from older members, its leadership already out of agreement with the army. “They are saying that parliament should be able to form a government” – which the military does not want – “but the Brotherhood make compromises with their principals.”

He added: “This exaggeration of the power of the Brotherhood is an obsession. There are internal differences and they lost the youth from the first day [of the revolution]. As for the Salafists, they are not accepted by Egyptians, even in the countryside. They will maybe get 10 per cent of the votes.”

Oddly, Gamal suspects that the Arab revolutions may have been inspired by the overthrow of dictatorships in Latin America, “where opponents of the regimes occupied squares and fought with the police; we had the same kind of developments in social and economic life”. But when I ask about the army’s latest warning of “foreign hands” provoking violence in Tahrir Square this month, Gamal snorts with cynicism.

“This is hypocritical. They moan about foreign money going to NGOs. But they let the US donate $150m to promote the ‘transition to democracy’. The army gets $1.3bn from America. Then that’s a different matter. But the future will depend on the next confrontation. The SCAF is very, very weak. Every time 100,000 people go to Tahrir, the government falls. They are on the defensive. The problem is that people in Tahrir don’t have the power to put more pressure on, to confront the real web of interests behind the SCAF and to confront the old regime in the work places. There will be a real fight for democracy and social change.”

The old optimism is coming back to Gamal. “In just nine months, the strength of the army is collapsing. Who would have imagined that people would be shouting ‘Down with the Military Council’? This is good for political progress in Egypt.” The army, as “protectors” of a new constitution, intend to keep their privileges out of parliament’s hands, Muslim Brothers or not, which is what the Tahrir demonstrators will be complaining about again in tomorrow’s rally.