كثير منّا رأى ما يُسمى بقناع في (V)الذي كان يرتديه بطل الفيلم الأمريكي (V For Vendetta) والذي انتشر كثيراً في بداية إندلاع الثورات العربية وتم وضع صورته على العديد من بروفايلات الفيسبوك، وكثير منّا لايعرف قصة الشخص الذي يعود له هذا القِناع.
يعود القِناع إلى شخص يُدعى ((جاي فوكس)) ولد في 13 إبريل عام 1570م بمدينة (يورك) بـ إنجلترا لأسرة بروتستانتية، لكنه تحوّل إلى الكاثوليكية عام 1604م.
عندما اعتنق ((جاي فوكس)) الكاثوليكية كان ذلك في عهد الملك ((جيمس الأول)) الذي كان يتهض الكاثوليك ويأمر بفرض الغرامات عليهم واعتقالهم
قرر مجموعة من الكاثوليك بقيادة شخص يُدعى ((روبرت كاتسباي)) التخلص من الملك ((جيمس الأول)) عن طريق عملية إرهابية، و قاموا بإشراك ((جاي فوكس)) معهم في العملية وأطلق على المجموعة إسم (مجموعة البارود) وقد بلغ عدد أفرادها 13 شخص.
قامت المجموعة بتهريب براميل من البارود في سراديب البرلمان البريطاني، وكانت مُهمة ((جاي فوكس)) هي إشعال الفتيل لتفجير البارود في 5 نوفمبر عام 1605م أثناء اجتماع الملك ((جيمس الأول)) مع اللوردات والأعيان في البرلمان البريطاني.
قبل تنفيذ العملية قام أحد أفراد المجموعة بالإعتراف لأحد الرهبان في الكنيسة التي يتردد عليها عن نيته هو و المجموعة بتفجير البرلمان البريطاني أثناء وجود الملك فيه… وذلك في لحظة شعور بالذنب لأنه سيتسبب في قتل الكثير من الأبرياء… شعر الراهب بأن مُستقبل إنجلترا في خطر، فقام بتوجيه رسالة من مجهول إلى القصر الملكي.
وهناك رواية أخرى تقول أن هناك خيانة مُتعمّدة حدثت من قِبل أحد أفراد المجموعة.
علم حرس الملك بالمؤامرة، وتم العثور على البراميل المُهيئة للإنفجار، وتم القبض على ((جاي فوكس)) وجميع المتآمرين وتم تعذيبهم حتى اعترفوا وحُكِمَ عليهم بأن يُشنقوا وتُبقر بطونهم وتُمزّق جُثثهم إلى أشلاء وتُفرّق في جميع أنحاء لندن ليكونوا عِبّرة لغيرهم.
في 31 يناير عام 1606م وأثناء صعود ((جاي فوكس)) إلى منصة الإعدام تمهيداً لشنقه قام بالقفز من على السُّلم فكُسِرَت عُنقه ومات على الفور.
بعد إعدام المُتآمرين، قام الملك ((جيمس الأول)) بتشجع المواطنين على إشعال النيران في ليلة 5 نوفمبر من كل عام احتفاءً بفشل المؤامرة ونجاة الملك… ويتم الإحتفال بهذه المُناسبة حتى الآن وتسمى بـ(ليلة البون فاير) أو (ليلة جاي فوكس) حيث يقوم البريطانيين بإطلاق الألعاب النارية وإحراق دُمية لشخص ((جاي فوكس)).
#1 Get over It!
Yep, that’s it. Get over life. Stop making life more complicated than it is. Everything happens for a reason, and when one door shuts, another one opens. Once we stop resisting life and live it, we will see dramatic changes take place. One famous and wealthy actress who once lived in a homeless shelter stated “I learned that I could live through any situation. I grew into a person who knew that they could always make their own way.”
Learn your lesson, get over it, and move on.
#2 Change Your Outlook
Dramatic changes calls for employing that stint of courage that propels us to make positive changes in our lives. Prepare for positive and new things to enter your life. A shift in consciousness is all that is needed to make the changes you seek.
#3 Go for it!
If you are dreaming of something bigger, it won’t come to you. You will have to go out there and get it. Jenna Fischer, an actress on the hit TV show “The Office,” made a trip from her hometown to Los Angeles expecting to land a super job within a year. However, it took much longer. But patience paid off and she eventually landed movie roles and started producing.
#4 Don’t Give Up
Good things come to those who do not give up, not to those who wait! Change requires action but those changes won’t usually happen over night. In 1983, Dewey Bozella, then an amateur boxer, was convicted of a murder he did not commit. It took over 20 years for his name to be cleared. Free to continue pursuing his dream of becoming a boxer, he was 52, stepped into the ring against a 30 year old fighter and won! At the end of the night he said “Don’t every give up.” Lesson learned.
#5 Go on a Diet
Many of us have tried various diets whether to lose weight or gain it. But those are not the types of diets we are referring to here. In order to make significant changes in your life you should try a “mental diet.” Get out all the clutter that’s been stuck in your brain for eons. That means releasing yourself from the negative thoughts that keep you from being the person you wish to be.
#6 Be Thankful
Instead of wondering through life like an ungrateful tormentor always wanting more, more, more, maybe its time to appreciate what you already have. It may not seem like much, but making this type of change in your life will help you feel better about yourself, thereby, changing your outlook on life.
#7 Chill Out
Today, it seems so difficult for people to simply relax. Beating the walls and making a big hoot about everything will only make you a nuisance, and no one will want to be around you. Former US president Ronald Regan once stated “its true, hard work never killed anybody, but why take the chance.”
There’s a difference between hard work and working hard. If you have the “all or nothing” attitude, change it.
#8 Become Less Sensitive
Sometimes changing ourselves requires “seeing ourselves as others do.” If you are one of those people that others feel the need to “walk on eggshells” whenever they are around you maybe they are on to something. Our own thoughts about ourselves are always the most important, but delusional musing is a great obstacle to change.
#9 Have a Broader Sense of Humor
Nothing changes the heart and mind like a good laugh. Laughter creates an opening where tension and fear once closed the door. Even while alone, have a few funny quotes you read that generates a deeply rich honest chuckle. A humorous quote by political satirist and entertainer Mark Russell says “the scientific theory I like best is that the rings of Saturn are composed entirely of lost airline baggage.” It’s imaginative and funny.
The love being referenced to here is not the clinging, dark, jealous, possessive love that makes you hate yourself and causes others to run away from you. Love in general is the modus operandi referred to here. It’s easy to point the finger at others but love understands because we are not perfect ourselves. It changes you because you become more perceptive.
You can probably think of a few other ideas that can result in dramatic changes in your life or someone else’s. All that is required is the desire to change.’
Source: Addicted 2 success.
29 November 2012 – The General Assembly today voted to grant Palestine non-member observer State status at the United Nations, while expressing the urgent need for the resumption of negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians leading to a permanent two-State solution.
The resolution on the status of Palestine in the UN was adopted by a vote of 138 in favour to 9 against with 41 abstentions by the 193-member Assembly.
“We did not come here seeking to delegitimize a State established years ago, and that is Israel; rather we came to affirm the legitimacy of the State that must now achieve its independence, and that is Palestine,” the President of the Palestinian Authority, Mahmoud Abbas, told the Assembly before the vote.
Mr. Abbas noted that the world was being asked today to undertake a significant step in the process of rectifying the “unprecedented historical injustice” inflicted on the Palestinian people since 1948.
“Your support for our endeavour today,” he said, “will send a promising message – to millions of Palestinians on the land of Palestine, in the refugee camps both in the homeland and the Diaspora, and to the prisoners struggling for freedom in Israel’s prisons – that justice is possible and that there is a reason to be hopeful and that the peoples of the world do not accept the continuation of the occupation.”
Israel’s Ambassador to the UN, Ron Prosor, said his delegation could not accept today’s resolution. “Because this resolution is so one-sided, it doesn’t advance peace, it pushes it backwards,” he stated, adding that peace could only be achieved through negotiations.
“There’s only one route to Palestinian statehood and that route does not run through this chamber in New York. That route runs through direct negotiations between Jerusalem and Ramallah that will lead to a secure and lasting peace between Israelis and Palestinians,” he added. “There are no shortcuts. No quick fixes. No instant solutions.”
The Israelis and Palestinians have yet to resume direct negotiations since talks stalled in September 2010, after Israel refused to extend its freeze on settlement activity in the occupied Palestinian territory.
“Today’s vote underscores the urgency of a resumption of meaningful negotiations,” Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said after the vote was finalized. “We must give new impetus to our collective efforts to ensure that an independent, sovereign, democratic, contiguous and viable State of Palestine lives side by side with a secure State of Israel. I urge the parties to renew their commitment to a negotiated peace.”
Addressing the same gathering, the President of the General Assembly, Vuk Jeremic, appealed to “my dear friends from Palestine and Israel” to work for peace, to negotiate in good faith, and ultimately, to succeed in reaching the historical settlement.
“I have no doubt that history will judge this day to have been fraught with significance – but whether it will come to be looked upon as a step in the right direction on the road to peace will depend on how we bear ourselves in its wake,” he said. “Let us therefore have the wisdom to act in furtherance of the goal I’m sure we all share.”
In the resolution, the Assembly also voiced the hope that the Security Council will “consider favourably” the application submitted in September 2011 by Palestine for full UN membership.
The Palestinian bid for full UN membership stalled last year when the 15-nation Council, which decides whether or not to recommend admission by the Assembly, said it had been “unable to make a unanimous recommendation.”
Today’s action comes on the same day that the UN observed the annual International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. Established in 1977, the Day marks the date in 1947 when the Assembly adopted a resolution partitioning then-mandated Palestine into two States, one Jewish and one Arab.
The long awaited Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn – Part 2, the final instalment of the vampire fantasy films, has topped the US box office for the second week in a row. Early estimates suggest it took $43.1m (£26.9m) between Friday and Sunday.
Egypt’s top judges have accused President Mohammed Mursi of staging an “unprecedented attack” on the judiciary. The president passed a decree earlier this week granting himself extensive new powers. It includes a bar on any court dissolving the constituent assembly, which is drawing up a new constitution.
Outside a Cairo court where judges were meeting, police fired tear gas to disperse crowds. They have been charging with batons at protesters against the decree, reports the BBC’s Jon Leyne from the scene, while pro-Mursi demonstrators tried to disrupt the judges’ meeting. Thursday’s decree sparked angry demonstrations, and attacks on offices of Mr Mursi’s Islamist FJP party. The president has said he is acting to protect the revolution.
In a statement, the Supreme Judicial Council called his move “an unprecedented attack on the independence of the judiciary and its rulings”, and called on him to reverse it. Judges and prosecutors in Egypt’s second city Alexandria have gone on strike in protest, saying they will not return to work until the decree is reversed. The response of the judges has been tough, if fairly predictable, says our Cairo correspondent. One judge told the BBC their concerns were for Egypt, not their jobs. “We can’t work like this, we have to change it and we will change it,” Ahmed Shannan said. There had been reports that the council was about to disband the constituent assembly for a second time, he added, a move that could seriously derail the transition to democracy and further delay new parliamentary elections. This, in turn, could deter Egypt’s political leaders from taking tough decisions while they wait for the vote. Meanwhile, Egyptian human rights agencies filed a lawsuit at the Court of Administrative Justice calling for the decree to be annulled, Mena news agency reported.
Protesters in Egypt have set fire to Muslim Brotherhood offices in several cities, according to state TV. They were demonstrating against President Mohammed Mursi’s decision to grant himself sweeping new powers. His decree states, among other things, that the president’s decisions cannot be revoked by any authority – including the judiciary.
Rival rallies have been held across the country today by supporters and opponents of Mr Mursi. In the Suez Canal cities of Suez, Port Said and Ismailia opponents of the Islamist president reportedly set fire to the offices of the Muslim Brotherhood. Clashes have also been reported between opposing demonstrations in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria.